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Rights of Relatives (Silat ul Arham)

Rights of Relatives (Silat ul Arham)

The word ‘silat ul Arham’ in Arabic literally means connection of the womb. All of our relations have rights upon us.

A parent making dua for their child while they are happy with him/her is indeed a true blessing. During wartime, one of the Sahaba was captured by the disbelievers his parents went up to the Prophet (SAW) and asked for help. He (SAW) just told them, “You and your wife go and during the night recite La Hawla wala quwwata, Illa billah.” They followed the Prophets advice and probably went on with the recitation for 2-3 nights and then the following night their son returned home along with a herd of sheep. He told his parents that one night he found that the links of the chains with which he was held captive, suddenly loosening and opening up. He escaped in the night and then found a herd of sheep that followed him home. Such is the power of the dua of the parent and of La Hawla wala quwwata, Illa billah.

A Hadith of the Prophet (SAW) states, when Allah SWT created the creation, the representative of the womb went and attached itself to the waist of Allah as if seeking protection. Allah (SWT) said to it “Wait! Is it not enough for you that I will connect myself to the one that connects to you and I will cut off the one who cuts you off”. This is one powerful warning for keeping up the ties of Kinship.

In Surah Mohammad ayah 22-23, Allah (SWT) says, Then is it to be expected of you if ye will do no mischief in the land and break your ties of kith and kin? Such are the men whom Allah has cursed for He has made them deaf and blinded their sight.”

Many blessings may come to you just because you may have kept good relations with your relatives (Silat ul arham).

The companions of the Prophet (SAW) asked him if our parents have rights upon us after their death, He (SAW) replied, yes:

-You must pray on them their funeral prayer and pray for their forgiveness.

-You must carry out their covenant or promise.

-You must keep up the ties of their kinship.

The Prophet (SAW) told all mankind: make peace by all means, (speech and deeds) feed food to all (rich and poor), have good connection with your kin and pray at night when people sleep, you will enter Jannah (paradise) in peace. The Prophet (SAW) gave this message while still seated on his camel upon reaching Medina after migration from Mecca.

In another hadith, the Prophet (SAW) says that those who believe in Allah and the Day of Judgment be generous to your guest, speak good or keep silent and Allah will expand your rizq (sustenance) and increase your age. Here increase in age does not necessarily imply that years will be added to it, rather there will be blessing in that life.

Journey of the Hereafter – Part 2

The Grave:

When a righteous person dies, Angel of mercy comes to take his soul. When a hypocrite or a sinner dies, it is the Angel of punishment that comes to take his soul. It is an immensely difficult thing for the soul to leave the body, surely it would be made easier by the angel of mercy and how painful it would be when the angel of punishment is doing so. Each soul will answer three questions in the grave:

Who is your Lord? Who is your Prophet? What is your religion?

When a righteous person answers, Allah is my Lord, Muhammad is my Prophet, and Islam is my religion. A voice from the heavens will tell the angel “my servant answered in truth”. He will be left in peace until the resurrection begins.

When a hypocrite or sinners tries to answer, that, I heard that Allah is The Lord and so on, a voice from the heaven will say that, “he is nothing but a liar”! The angel then slams that person with a hammer until he turns to dust, the grave is filled with fire and this punishment continues till the resurrection. May Allah protect us!

When a man dies he leaves behind 3 things: Family, wealth and his deeds. The only thing that remains with him in his grave are his deeds. These deeds take on the shape of some creation. For the believer it is a beautiful and pleasing being, when he asks ‘who are you?’ The reply is ‘I am your good deeds’. When the person is dealt with good in the grave, than what is ahead is even better. So the person prays ‘O Allah let the day of judgement begin so I may receive the truth’. While the hypocrite/ disbeleiver sees an ugly creature in the grave as his deeds. Their grave is exposed to the hellfire. They say “O Allah do not let the hour begin ” for them what is ahead is far worse.The grave is a very lonely place.

Asma bint Abu Bakr told that she once heard everyone crying and weeping and there was an uproar in the masjid. It was when the Prophet( SAW) was talking about the trials of the grave. He (SAW) said that everyone would be squeezed by the earth. Sa’ad ibn Muadh was a Sahaba who had hosted the Prophet in Madinah. RasulAllah(SAW) said that when he died, the Arsh of Allah Shook, 70,000 Angels accompanied his funeral and that, even he was not spared the squeezing by the earth!

Reasons for the punishment in the grave:

Stealing, Slander and lying – Prophet (SAW) once passing by a 2 graves said, the 2 men in these graves are being punished for something minor one for not cleaning after urinating and the second one because he used to slander other people.

Neglecting the Quran – not reciting or listening.Their head will be crushed with a rock repeatedly until the day of Judgement.

Dealing with Interest, Adultery, Debt not repaid – debt has serious implications in the hereafter, Prophet(SAW) said that a Martyr (Shaheed) would sit by the door of Jannah until his debt is paid off. The longest Ayah in Surah Bakarah (282) is regarding debt it is sometimes known as Ayah Addain. Prophet(SAW) only prayed the janazah prayer of anyone after he made sure that they did not owe any debt.

Having good deeds will save one from the punishment of the grave. These good deeds will come from above, beneath and the sides and will make an argument for the dead

The day of Judgement or Qiyama is known by many names such as:

Qiyama is the Day of standing, referring to the Day of Judgment. The following are some of the names that are used to reference the Day of Judgment:

Yawm al Ba’ath – Day of resurrection

Yawm az Zalzala – Day of Earthquake

Yawm an Nushoor – Day of resurrection

Yawm at Tamma – Day you cannot get out of

Yawm as Sa’akha – Day that hits you

Yawm al Azifa – The Day true news is announced and when it starts there is no stopping

Yawm al Hisab – Day of reckoning

Yawm ul Jamma – Day of gathering

Yawm at Talaaq – Day of meeting

Yawm al Haqq – Day of Truth

Yawm at Tagabun – Day of exchanging deeds(meeting out justice by exchanging deeds)

Yawm ul Wa’eed – Day of warning

Yawm ul Hasrah – Day of regret

Yawm al Ghashiyah – A day that will cover you all over with no escape(overwhelming)

Yawm ud Deen – Day of Judgment

Yawm ul Khuruj – Day of exiting graves

Yawm al Akhirah – The last Day

Yawm as Sa’a – Day of the hour

Yawm al Qaria – Day of the Calamity or striking

Yawm al Fasl – Day of Separation when the final decision is enforced

Yawm al Ma’ab – Day of Return

Yawm al Ard – Day of Exhibition

Yawm al Khafida ar Rafiya – A Day that brings some low and exalts others

Yawm al A’seer – A Day of distress or an immensely difficult day

Yawm al Azeem – A Great Day

Yawm al Mashhood – The Day Witnessed

Yawm al A’qeem – The Day Held

Yawm al Qasaas – Day of revenge

Yawm ul Jiza – Day of compensation

Yawm un Nafkha – Day when the trumpet is blown

Yawm un Naaqoor – Day when the trumpet is sounded

Yawm ul Firaar – Day of fleeing

Yawm at Tublas Sarairah – Day or revealing secrets

 

After Angel Israfeel blows the first trumpet all of creation will be destroyed and then Allah SWT will ask, “who has the Kingdom today?” Allah SWT will answer, ‘It is for Allah alone, the irrisistible’. Keep the Day of Judgment in your heart at all times.

Say your prayers knowing that:

Allah sees you from above

The Sirat (bridge over hellfire) is below you

The heaven is to your right and

The hell to your left

The Angel of death behind you &

The Kaba’ in front of you

 

Journey of the Hereafter – Part 1

Journey of the Hereafter

Importance of the hereafter

Our existence is in many stages.

Our first stage was when the entire humanity was in the form of seeds and Allah took a

covenant from the first of us to the last of us, Surah Araf ayah 172, Allah says, “Am I not

your Lord? They said: yea, verily, we testify. Lest ye should say at the Day of

resurrection: Lo! Of this we were unaware”.

Second stage is in the womb of the mothers.

Third stage is our finite life here on earth.

Fourth stage is the time spent in our graves.

Fifth stage is on the Day of Judgement. For some of us it could be as long as 50,000 years and for some it may be as short as the time between Dhuhr and Asr. Sixth stage is living in Heaven or Hell!

Humans believe that they belong to the earth, when in reality we came from Jannah and must work hard to get back to where our father Adam(AS) came from; Jannah. A believer must have a firm belief in the hereafter. The belief in the hereafter will prevent us from all kinds of sins. Once Angel Jibreel came to the Prophet (SAW) in the form of a student of knowledge and asked him 4 questions, the questions and the Prophets’ replies were:

Q1. What is Islam?

Ans:It is the belief in the oneness of Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, the 5 obligatory prayers, salat, Zakat, fasting in the month of Ramadan and performing Hajj.

Q2. What is Imaan?

Ans. The belief in Allah and His attributes, the Angels, the Holy books, the Prophets, the Day of Judgement, and predestination.

Q3. What is Ihsan?

Ans. To worship Allah as if you see Him, or if you don’t see Him, worship Him as if He sees you.

Q4. When will the hour (Day of Judgement) begin?

Ans. The one asked knows no better than the one asking.

The Prophet (saw) has asked us to remember death and the journey to the hereafter often. A Hadith of his states that “Remember death much, the destroyer of pleasures.” The period of time when a person is in and out of the state of consciousness is a very difficult time. Pharoah when seeing his death come upon him was trying to say that “I believe in the God of the children of Israel”, Jibreel AS said that he was preventing him from saying that by stuffing mud in his mouth. In the case of believers, however, Allah will keep them strong and firm, in life and in death. Allah says in Surah Ibrahim Ayah 27, “Allah will establish in strength those who believe, with the word that stands firm, in this world and in the hereafter; but Allah will leave, to stray, those who do wrong: Allah does what he wills.”

Signs of one with a good end:

One who dies with the Shahada on his tongue. Don’t force the dying to say the shahadah, rather keep saying it audibly yourself.

If death comes on Friday or the night of Friday (Thursday night), that person is saved from the trial of the grave.

A believer may sweat a lot on his death bed.

Passing away while carrying out a good deed. They would resurrected on the Day of Judgment on that good deed.

Prophet (SAW) said: ‘Your ending is according to the last deed done by you’. Allah deals with us according to what is in our hearts. The intention of a person determines if the action is good or bad. One must be careful of their intention before any action, during the action and after the action. For every action you will be questioned why and how you did it. Actions cannot be against the Sunnah as innovation is prohibited.

Who is a Shaheed?

A believer who dies in Battlefield, in way of Allah.

A believer who has an illness of the stomach and is patient through it and dies from it.

A believer who dies of burns.

A believer who dies of drowning.

A believer who dies in the collapse of a building.

A woman who dies delivering a baby: her infant would drag her to Jannah.

At his death a Shaheed is shown his place in, Jannah, is spared from the trial of the grave and the trial of a most fearful day, the Day of Judgement. 72,000 Hoor ul Ain are for him and he will be given intercession for 70 family members!

Dying:

A person is in need of complete peace during three stages;

  • when a child enters the world from his mothers womb.
  • when a person leaves this world.
  • when the person comes out of the grave for the Day of Judgement.

The righteous people will have angels with them. Allah says in Surah Fussilat ayah 30-31, “In the case of those who say, ‘our lord is Allah’, and further stand straight and steadfast, the angels descend on them (from time to time) ‘ fear ye not!, They suggest nor grieve!’ But receive the glad tidings of the garden of bliss, the which ye were promised! ‘we are your protectors in this life and in the hereafter:’ therein shall ye have all that your souls shall desire, therein shall ye have all that ye ask for.”

Prophet(saw) said to recite Surah Yaseen over your dead. It’s meaning is to recite it while the person is in the throes of death as well. The soul of a person does not leave the body very easily.

We must pray to Allah that we die as believers, we must pray for a good ending and never rely on our deeds alone, it is the mercy of Allah alone that will bring us to a good end. Once a Bedouin came to the Prophet and made dua: He said “O Allah make the best of my life, my end. The best of my deeds as my last one. And make the best of my day, when I meet You, Allah!” To this the Prophet(saw) said Ameen!

 

 

Knowledge

Knowledge

Allah (swt) did not ask the Prophet (SAW) to increase in anything other than knowledge. Surah Taha (Ayah 114), “High above all is Allah, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur’an before its revelation to thee is completed, but say, ‘O my Lord! Increase me in knowledge’.”

The best provision for the journey of life is Taqwa, among its many descriptions; it is the fear of Allah, knowledge of religion and the application of knowledge. Having Taqwa is a barrier to Allah’s punishment. Seek knowledge to increase in Taqwa and spread goodness for the sake of Allah.

Imam Hanifa was a businessman. A very popular imam of his time was Imam Ash Shabi, who once told him that, and “I have seen in you intelligence and an active mind”. Inspired by these words he started his quest for knowledge and went on to become one of the most knowledgeable in matters of the religion of Islam. Allah (swt) says, “Those who have knowledge are not the same as those who do not.” When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows on him the understanding of His religion.

Envy is permitted in two cases, a man whom Allah gives wealth and he disposes of it to please Allah and a man on whom Allah bestows knowledge and he applies it and teaches it to others. If a single person is guided to Allah because of you, it is better for you than a lot of red Camels, it is better for you than the whole world and what it contains or better for you than what the sun rises over.

Abu Hurairah narrated, Prophet (SAW) said, “Allah makes the way to Jannah easy for him who treads the path in search of knowledge”. Knowledge is like rain, a land absorbs it and produces food and fruits, stony and rocky land holds the water for people and animals. There’s another kind of land that would absorb the water but produce nothing. When you learn something of your religion, teach it to others.

Narrated by Tirmidhi, Prophet (SAW) says, “Verily Allah and His Angels, dwellers of the heaven and earth, even the ants in their holes, the whale in the sea, praises the one who teaches knowledge that is beneficial”.

This world and all that it contains is cursed except for three things:

  • The remembrance of Allah (SWT) and all that you do to please Allah with.
  • A Scholar.
  • A Student of knowledge.

The Superiority of a scholar over a worshipper is like that of the Prophet (SAW) over the lowest among the companions. Time spent in learning and teaching beneficial knowledge is better than standing in worship all night (Qiyam ul Lail). The time spent in search of knowledge is like being in Jihad, you’re in the care and protection of Allah.

A gathering where people sit and discuss and recite Qur’an, Allah covers them with mercy, sends tranquility upon them and mentions them in the company of Angels.

Prophets do not leave behind any worldly belongings as inheritance. The inheritance of Prophets is only Knowledge.

Excellence of Knowledge, Aalim, means knower of the seen and unseen. Aleem means having deep knowledge. Above every person of knowledge there is one with more knowledge and Allah (SWT) is above all those who have knowledge.